Variety in art is the principle of art that uses different qualities, and instances to add interest to any artwork. The use of variety in artwork reduces redundancy or the use of monotonous practices to give the artwork a fresh appeal.
The concept of variety in art makes use of different lines, brushwork, colors, shapes and more to create the most exceptional of end results. The way variety works through juxtaposition, collaboration, and contrast makes it truly unique and commonly preferred.
The difference of structure, elements, and practices in artworks brings to life the approach of variety and puts it in the front and center to accentuate the artwork.
Bring colors, shapes, textures, lines, brush works along with a lot more to your canvas with harmony, unity, and most importantly variety. Here’s more to what you need to know to get started:
What Is Variety in Art
The practice of demonstrating different visual elements in one artwork in a way that they complement each other is variety in art in a nutshell.
To oversimplify, the variety factor adds “spices” to the perspective presented by the artist and makes it interesting. As an artist, you can experiment by adding different elements next to each other to explore variety in art for yourself.
Better yet, good design practices already include a certain quota to add the variety factor into the artwork.
Variety in art can simply be considered as artists and designers adding complexity into their work, in a manner that doesn’t disrupt the balanced unity in the end result.
There are certain methods which are used to add variety into the composition.
- Contrast – it is important to use different shapes, colors, textures, and other elements to create dynamic artworks.
- Elaboration – be sure to add more details for the artwork to become more thought provoking and even challenge concepts.
- Difference or change – similar elements, or aspects of those elements can be repeated multiple times in harmony and unity.
How Is Variety Used In Art?
As a designer, visionary, or artist – you can add variety in art by making use of different elements of design itself, such as color, point, shape, texture, space, lines, form, sizes etc.
The concept of variety can come to play from anywhere from picking a specific paintbrush, stick, or pencil. To put it into practice, make use of contrasting, opposing, elaborating, diversifying, and changing elements and apply them in unity.
Variety in art is strictly used to go against monotonous practices such as redundancies, boredom, dullness and more. Therefore, to use variety in art control two prime areas of its application:
- Firstly, find diversity in different elements, observe common harmony, and decide which elements can be used in unity.
- Secondly, evaluate the forces which contribute to the message of the artwork, and finalize their selection based on quality and strength.
It is equally important to note that variety in art cannot be forced, as it goes against the concept of variety itself.
Therefore, as an artist, you must avoid chaotic expressions which render the artwork as unreadable and distorts the balance and unity that variety provides.
Good design is achieved by understanding what elements contribute to the concept, and which elements are being illogically used.
What Are Principles Of Art Variety?
An artwork is the strongest when it demonstrates variety in art in principles, and unity in form, composition, concept and follow a visual sense.
Visual and conceptual artwork is sublimated by the design principles and the multitude of elements that help create, which can be all or any of the following principles of art variety:
- Contrast – refers to the extent of difference in design and adjacent elements. To have parts, in contrast, means to have elements stand out, and give meaning to particular elements more than others.
- Balance – the basic principle of any artwork is to have balance, be it in typography, images, shapes, patterns, or something else entirely. To have balance is to have a focus on certain items, and make other items relatively blended. Symmetrical and asymmetrical are two types of balance.
- Emphasis – includes the part of the artwork which is the main element, and is to stand out for there to be variety in art. The opposite of this practice can be used to deemphasize information.
- Proportion – deals with the size of one element in comparison to the other to create variety in art, and can also be used to show importance.
- Hierarchy – requires the processing of the content, and how well the concept of variety in art is easily understood by the audience.
- Repetition – variety in art requires reinforcing an idea, which can be accomplished through the principle of repetition. You can unify the artwork to bring the main idea to life with repetition.
What Is an Example Of Variety In Art?
Variety in art means adding interest to the artwork, and any artwork that showcases juxtaposition and contrast can be considered as a worthwhile example.
The Tom Thomson, Opulent October, 1915–16, inspired by autumn is an accurate example of variety in art.
Likewise, when artists place importance on different visual elements next to one another, they are using the concept of variety to their advantage.
What Are the Variety Of Lines?
To create emphasis or contrast, multiple varieties of lines can be used to sculpt ideas or make sketching. Variety in art can be expressed with different types of lines, such as the following:
- Vertical Lines – the straight up and down lines or perpendicular to horizontal lines extending to the sky are vertical lines.
- Horizontal Lines – these lines straight up, down and perpendicular to vertical lines.
- Diagonal Lines – these lines can be in any direction except horizontal or vertical.
- Zigzag Lines – these lines are diagonal lines joined from one end to the other in series.
- Curved Lines – these lines can bend in any degree, can be spiral wavy or something in between.
Variety in art can be expressed through different elements, and by making use of different combinations of principles.
The main purpose is to create an interest in the artwork and showcase the important aspect of the design in a simple, easy-to-understand manner.